Businesses face many challenges, including insufficient financial and human resources, in addition to their changing responsibilities. However, by integrating systems, a business can do more with far fewer resources.
IT systems integration is a way to connect non-homogeneous platforms. Doing so involves joining various computer systems and software applications, either physically or functionally. The goal of IT systems integration is to have everything act as a whole and in concert.
There are several techniques involved with IT systems integration. These include computer networking, the integration of enterprise applications, the management of business processes and manual programming.
There are several benefits to IT systems integration for businesses. First, integrating business systems means that the onsite configuration time with plug and play solutions is greatly reduced. As well, integrating IT systems can result in decreased rollout and deployment costs. Where multiple vendors are concerned, their deployments can be simplified.
Integrating IT systems also means that more predictable service-level agreements can be made, and project goals can be more easily met. Finally, IT systems integration allows ISO 9001:2008-certified quality to be delivered.
There are many types of systems that can be integrated to make the entire business process easier. But 3 of the most common types are the transaction processing system, management information system and decision support system.
→ TRANSACTION PROCESSING
The transaction processing system involves the processing of key data to support operations management. This system includes listing, sorting, validation and calculation.
→ MANAGEMENT INFORMATION
The management information system is most often used by middle managers with the purpose of ensuring smooth business operation. This system inputs data via internal transactions and files and structured data.
→ DECISION SUPPORT
The decision support system is usually used by senior management and allows them to make predictions about the effects of their decisions over the long-term. The decision support system inputs include internal files and transactions.
In addition to the several types of information system that can be integrated, there are also several operating systems that can be involved as well.
→ BATCH OPERATING SYSTEMS
Batch operating systems involve offline information that`s submitted to a computer, such as a time punch card.
→ TIME-SHARING SYSTEMS
The time-sharing system allows several people to use the same computer system simultaneously.
→ DISTRIBUTED OPERATING SYSTEMS
The distributed operating system distributes data processing jobs among several processors according to the efficiency of each.
→ NETWORK OPERATING SYSTEMS
Network operating systems allow servers to manage several aspects of networking, including groups, users and security.
→ REAL-TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS
Real-time operating systems ensure that particular tasks of a system occur when they are supposed to.
Although IT systems integration can seem a complex process, there is no doubt that integration of this type can significantly simplify the deployment of new technology into a business environment. However, if it’s been decided to integrate your IT systems, it is important to ensure that it’s completed by professionals.